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Blood Bank
Phone No: 0824 - 2444590 Extn:5059

The prestigious, state of the art Blood Bank at KMC Hospital Ambedkar (Jyothi) Circle, Mangalore started functioning on Oct 2nd, 1991. This partially air-conditioned blood bank has 4 blood storage refrigerators which have a storage capacity of over 1500 units of blood.

Mission Statement


The KMC Hospital Blood Bank’s mission is to serve our community by meeting the needs of patients, hospitals, and clinicians for safe, high quality blood products and related services.

Vision Statement


The KMC Hospital Blood Bank is committed to accomplishing its mission and meeting the challenges of the future by:
  • Anticipating and responding to customer needs.
  • Seeking opportunities for continuous improvement.
  • Building trust between the organization, the clinicians, patients and the community.
  • Providing education which enhances the understanding of transfusion medicine and the need for blood.
  • Maintaining blood quality assurance to provide coverage for members and blood for the community
  • Enhancing the quality, efficiency, and effectiveness of the organization through teamwork.
  • Providing a work environment where individuals are valued and their contributions are recognized.
Some highlights of the blood bank are:
  • First blood bank in Mangalore recognized as Zonal blood testing center for HIV by the Director General of Health Services, New Delhi and the Karnataka State Aids Prevention Society
  • First component separation unit available throughout the district
  • First blood bank to state of the art “Gel Technology” for cross matching thereby improving the patient safety in transfusion practice.
  • Conducting at least 30 to 35 voluntary blood donation camps every year. We have been quite successful in creating awareness among the public about voluntary blood donation and the dreaded HIV and also other sexually transmitted diseases.

We offer courteous round the clock services geared to deliver excellent and efficient patient care: from the simple tests for malaria, grouping and cross matching to the more complex tests for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, RPR tests for syphilis.

All blood collected through donation is checked for HIV, HBs Ag, HCV, RPR, malaria, grouping and cross matching mandatory for safe blood transfusion. In exceptional cases like thalassemia and hemophilia, where the patient requires regular blood transfusion, our blood bank provides 100% subsidy.

As an incentive to motivate the public, KMCH AC and the Blood Bank extend the following courtesies:

   1. Free medicare facilities to voluntary donors at all Manipal group of hospitals for a period of 6 months.

   2. Availability of corresponding units of donated blood to donors’ kin with only testing and service charges.

   3. Issue of certificates from the blood bank recommending one leave for donor from his/her routine duties at the work place.

   4. Issue of an appreciation certificate recording the voluntary donation of blood by the donor.

The blood bank has an exclusive area of 2241 square feet with 12 rooms.

   1. Reception: Where all data entry, receiving the samples, and issue of blood is done – totally computerized with a secure database.

   2. Serology Lab (Air Conditioned): Here the basic grouping, cross matching, Coombs test, tests for transfusion reaction are done; also storage of whole blood and packed cells.

   3. Medical Examination Room: Here the basic medical tests like Hemoglobin, weight, BP, Pulse, Temperature are done on the donors prior to declaring them fit for donating blood.

   4. Blood Collection Room (Air Conditioned): Once the donor is declared fit for donating blood, blood is collected in CPD – A blood collection bags according to the requirement; either 350ml or 450ml.

   5. Refreshment & Recovery Room (Air Conditioned): After donating the blood, donors are requested to take rest here, and refreshment is served.

   6. Component Separation Room (Air Conditioned): Here the different components from whole blood are separated and preserved accordingly. The main components that are separated include:
      • Packed Cells
      • Fresh Frozen Plasma
      • Platelet Concentrate

   7. T.T.I. Laboratory: For Testing infections & Sexually Transmitted Disease (Air Conditioned). Here mandatory tests are done for HIV, HBs Ag, HCV, RPR & MP.

   8. Blood Bank Officer Room

   9. Sterilization and Washing Room: Here the washing of test tubes, slides and other glass wares and plastic tubes are done. Autoclaving and drying of tubes using hot air oven are also done here.

   10. Store: Consumable items required for day to day use are stored here.

   11. Duty Room: Staff resting and refreshment facility.

   12. Counseling room

   13. Donor waiting area

Besides the mandatory requirements & instruments, we have state of the art equipment such as
   1. Cryofuge 6000 i component separator: Different components like platelets, plasma and  packed cells are separated. It is a temperature- controlled, microprocessor – based and programmable laboratory centrifuge with refrigeration for universal use in large blood banks.

   2. Platelet Agitators: instrument in which platelets can be stored for 5days  at 22 to 24° C under constant agitation; provides a digital display of temperature and weekly temperature thermograph.

   3. -85° C ultra low freezer:  Fresh frozen plasma is stored in this, with a shelf life of 1 year and it has a digital display of temperature.

   4. -40° C plasma freezer for storing single donor plasma: has a digital display of temperature and weekly temperature.

   5. Blood Bag Refrigerators: we have 4 refrigerators to store whole blood & packed cells with capacity to store around 300 units of blood each. Each has a digital display of temperature, weekly temperature recorder chart and alarm.

   6. Laminar Flow: To maintain sterility while preparing components; has an ultra violet light which keeps the whole blood in sterile condition.

   7. Cryobath: It is a temperature controlled water bath which is used to thaw FFP at 37° C and cryoprecipitate at 4°C. It has an alarm and a digital temperature display.

   8. Automated micro plate Washer/ Reader used in Elisa testing

   9. Blood collection monitors with digital display to collect exact volume of blood and proper mixing.

   10. Automated cross matching by gel technology: Comprising of a calibrated centrifuge, incubator and specifically designed gel cards for cross matching.

Licenses and Certificates

   • NABH accreditation
   • FDI License

1. I am not sure whether I am fit to donate.
All those who are in the age range of 18-60 years and free from major diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes can donate blood. You will undergo a mini medical examination to determine your hemoglobin, weight, BP, cardiac status etc. before you donate blood.

2. I may become infected through unsterile equipments/sets.
Blood banks today use blood bags only, no bottles. The needle and the tubing are an integral part of the blood bag and cannot be attached to another bag. This makes blood donation very safe.

3. I will only donate for my close kith and kin. Why should I donate blood for someone unknown?
Blood collected from voluntary unrelated donors is qualitatively better than blood collected from known donors. In fact blood from close relatives may even cause a life threatening disorder. Diseases are more common amongst relative donors because they cannot self defer.

4. I will only donate when it is needed. Blood banks waste blood.
Blood is a commodity that is always in short supply-hardly ever wasted. If you donate only when the patient needs it, the blood banks are forced to resort to emergency rapid testing methods which are not always accurate.

5. Does blood donation benefit me?
Yes. The single most important benefit of blood donation is a significant reduction in cardiovascular events such as heart attack, stroke, bypass compared to non-donors. Do you need any greater benefit?

6. Are there any precautions to be taken prior to blood donation?
Don’t donate on an empty stomach. Don’t donate soon after food. A gap of 20-30 minutes is desirable. Sleep well the previous night/day. If you have fever, or if you are taking antibiotics or aspirin please do not donate blood. On a hot humid day drink lots of water half an hour before blood donation.

7. Can I smoke / drink after donation?
No alcohol for 24 hours prior to blood donation. No smoking for half an hour after blood donation.

8. Can I go back to work /play/go to gym/exercise after blood donation?
Blood donation does not interfere with any of your routine activities. You can go back to your normal desk work soon after blood donation except  in case of those working at heights(Ex Construction workers) and those working with heavy machinery .Avoid vigorous use of the arm like playing tennis/exercising at Gym for an interval of  2 –3 hours after donation as this can cause bleeding from the site of donation.

9. What is the process of blood donation ?
You will go through a process of Registration, Pre-donation screening and medical examination and counseling.  This will be followed by the actual donation of blood. Despite the needle size being larger, the design is such that it causes no great pain than an ordinary injection. The volume of blood is variable depending on your body weight. You are then given a refreshing drink (atleast drink water if you do not want the drink) and a certificate of appreciation with the post donation advice printed on the reverse of the card. The entire process should take not more than 30-45 minutes.

10. What if I can’t donate?
Most men can. Most women cannot. The reason being the high degree of anemia prevalent amongst women in India. Other common reasons for temporary deferral include fever/drugs/high BP, underweight (<45Kg).

11. What are the ways that HIV spreads?
Use of intravenous drugs (cocaine, marijuana, etc) by shared syringes, having multiple sexual partners and unprotected sex with strangers.If you have engaged in any of these, please do not donate blood in the interest of patient safety.If you do donate because of peer pressure, please contact one of the blood bank staff or call the blood bank  give your name and ask for your blood unit to be destroyed. You need not explain any reason for the same.

12. Will I have any problems during blood donation?
Normally you don’t. However there are exceptions. Rarely donors may feel giddy, and suffer from nausea/vomiting. Occasionally the donor can have a bruise, discoloration and pain at the site of donation which could last for a few weeks. Extremely nervous donors may hyperventilate (breathe very fast) and may develop low calcium. All these are however transient and are put down not to frighten you, but to give you an accurate account of blood donation-its potential benefits and minor side effects.

SAFE BLOOD TRANSFUSION IS YOUR BIRTH RIGHT; BLOOD DONATION YOUR DUTY

WHO CAN DONATE
  • Age: 18-60 years
  • Weight :
    • >=45 Kg for  350 ml donation
    • >=55 Kg for 450 ml donation
  • Pulse: 60-100/minute, Regular.
  • Blood Pressure: Normal
  • Temperature: Afebrile (No fever)
  • Donor must be free from serious illness on the day of donation.
  • Not at risk for Transfusion Transmitted diseases(TTD)
    • Free from sexual risk behavior
    • Free from Intravenous  drug abuse
  • Usage of Oral contraceptive pills by women is not a disqualification for donation.
  • Normal menstruation is not a contra-indication for blood donation. Avoid if you are feeling weak.
WHO CANNOT
  • Previous Donation within past 3 months.
  • Very high blood pressure
  • Anemia
  • Fever, infection, acute asthma
  • Pregnancy, lactation & recent abortion
  • Major surgery in past 1 year or minor surgery within 3months.
  • Cardiac disease, cancer, fits, jaundice, HIV infection, Tuberculosis on treatment, chronic kidney disease, gastric ulcer, liver disease.
  • Intake of certain medicines
  • Recent tattooing/ear piercing/dental procedures/blood transfusion in the last 3-6months